They may seem harmless, but they are responsible for major diseases, and, in fact, their species can boast of being the creature that causes the most deaths on the face of the earth after man.
The mosquito has many forms, but the most common, although not deadly, can become a real nightmare for our home, porch, garden, or business. Learn all about this animal and how to eliminate it.
Mosquitoes are Diptera (flying) insects belonging to the family of culicids that exist in all parts of the world. They have two thin and long wings whose sound when flying will undoubtedly identify us since they have a very sharp hum.
One of its main characteristics that have made its species endure and grow more fully is its intelligence. You may be thinking of the familiar saying of ‘having a mosquito brain’ to refer to someone with short understandings, but nothing is further from reality.
Mosquitoes detect hundreds of chemical factors present in the body of their victims that allows them to choose to feed on our blood.
They have several phases of life: egg, larva, pupa, and adulthood, and breed in humid areas such as ponds, swamps, fountains or ditches, and of course any place where there is standing water, such as sewers, ponds, wells or even crops such as The rice paddies.
There are many types of mosquitoes, although you have probably heard more about some of them, such as the tiger, the common or other easy to find, the pest of the fruit mosquito.
Disease transmitting insects
Beyond being annoying, these bugs are usually carriers of parasites, viruses, and bacteria, and of course, a wide variety of diseases. Surely you have heard of some of them, such as malaria or elephantiasis, the two diseases that report more victims per year.
Some of the viruses that can transmit are yellow fever, Nile virus, chikungunya (also detected in Europe), and the best known, Zika virus. It is a virus caused by the tiger mosquito plague.
We tell you something else about him:
- This virus has been found mainly in Africa and Asia, although it has also been found in other areas.
- It is transmitted sexually, blood transfusion, or from the mother to the fetus, causing microcephaly in children.
- The one in charge of transmitting this virus is the species Aedes albopictus, better known as the tiger mosquito, an invader that has also been found in some countries of the Mediterranean basin, such as Spain.
- Although most people are asymptomatic (that is, they do not show symptoms related to this disease), those who do show those symptoms usually suffer rashes, conjunctivitis, fever, muscle aches, and headaches for about a week. However, it should be borne in mind that the disease can be incubated for up to 15 days, so the symptoms will not show immediately after having suffered the sting.
- Its preventive treatment is to avoid the bite and, of course, the control of pests in areas close to urban centers. The treatment for infection does not exist, other than rest, hydration, and usual medications for fever and muscle pain. It can only be detected through clinical tests.
The mosquito bite
The ones in charge of those uncomfortable bites are the females. They use their mouth to enter the skin of their victims and suck blood, especially in warm-blooded animals.
The rubbing of his tube causes a small pink rash on our skin that is very annoying due to the itching and burning that most often entails. There are several options to treat and prevent the bite:
- As a prevention, the idea is to seal the doors and windows of the house with mosquito nets, keep gardens and terraces clean and avoid water stagnations at home, especially in open spaces.
- We can also use spray repellent for mosquitoes, sold in pharmacies and para pharmacies, and even in drug stores and applied directly to the skin with a substance that repels most insects. It is very effective if we apply it on all the areas that we take to the air (for example, arms and legs in summer).
- If you have suffered a sting, the most common is to use ointments with hydrocortisone or take antihistamines by mouth to soothe the pain and itching.
A female lays hundreds of eggs in each oviposition, and they can live between 1 and 2 months in temperate countries, so throughout their life, a single female is responsible for creating thousands of new mosquitoes.
That is why it is so easy for mosquito pests to be created. Generally, the origin of these mosquito pests at home or, of course, mosquito pests in the garden, are usually small areas of stagnant water, although it is very difficult to know where they are found in most cases since mosquitoes They can travel several kilometers to feed.
If you have a pest or a few pesky ones that don’t leave you, pay attention to our recommendations on how to eliminate mosquitoes:
- The first thing you will have thought about is the most common solution: fumigate mosquitoes. The most effective is to do it when they are still larvae, to prevent them from growing and flying against a threat. There are numerous products on the market, such as insecticides, or you can even consult a fumigation expert if the pest is serious. In case you have only a few, apply the insecticide in areas where you think they can also be concentrated as a repellent.
- There are mosquito inhibitors that scare away small pests, such as the pest of small mosquitoes at home or in the garden. They plug into the current and produce imperceptible sounds for our ear but very annoying for them, so it acts as a repellent.
- If you are more than hunting, you can try the famous electric racket that electrocutes them on contact. Of course, you will have to go one by one to hunt them.
- Finally, there are natural remedies free of toxicity, such as peppermint or lavender oil, products whose smell can not stand. You can spread a cotton ball with them and place them in the usual areas, or you can reduce it with water and make a homemade sprayer. Other natural remedies are garlic and beer (you can also cook them first and make a good homemade spray with both ingredients) and the remains of coffee. The latter can be used as a natural fertilizer for your plants while keeping them away from the garden or terrace.